Cystoscopy is indicated in many small animal patients, includes presenting with chronic cystitis, pollakuria, hematuria, stranguria, incontinence, trauma, calculi and abnormal radiographs. Use of cystoscopes in male requires either a perineal urethroscopy or the transabdominal approach. The transabdominal approach may also be indicated in female.
|C4030||4 x 302mm|
|C2730||2.7 x 302mm|
Indications for vaginoscopy and colposcopy (endoscopy of the cervix) include vaginal discharge, bleeding, masses, trauma, incontinence, foreign body removal and stranguria as well as artificial insemination.